Eyelid Correction Surgery, also known as an eyelift or blepharoplasty, is a fast procedure that delivers amazing results.
Elegant, Exquisite, flamboyant & Mesmerizing. A person’s eyes are the most important facial feature than others when it comes to looks. They engage attention, express emotions and even impact our social interactions.
But as you age, your upper eyelid become saggy and there may be bags under your eyes too. These are results of large eyelids which may create problem while blinking and responsible for your dull and sleepy looks.
Now you can fix this, as there are some ways to correct this by lifting your eyelids and turns them again into big, beautiful & engaging eyes by undergoing cosmetic surgery.
Structure of an EYE:
Eyes are the organ of sight. These are used for the perception of light. Eyes are lodges within the bony socket known as orbits, between the orbit wall and the eyeball there are several structures like voluntary muscles, fat, connective tissue and lachrymal gland.
The eye is a hollow and spherical structure, similar to hollow balls. The diameter of the eye is about 2.5 cm, the wall is made up of three layers-
- Sclerotic coat
- Choroid coat
- Retina coat
The anterior one-third part of the sclerotic coat is slightly bulged out. It is known as the cornea. The remaining posterior two third part is known as the sclera.
The cornea is transparent but sclera is opaque and white.
The middle coat of eye is known as choroid or Uvea because of its color. This layer is a heavily pigmented layer. Its dark pigmentation absorbs the light that is reflected from the retina.
The retina is the last and innermost layer, present just below the choroids. Internally it remains in contact with vitreous humor. The retina is a light-sensitive layer containing specialized cell, rod type and cone type which detects light and set impulses. These impulses are then read by the brain to make a picture.
As you age, your eyelids stretch, and the muscles supporting them weaken. As a result, excess fat may gather above and below your eyelids, causing sagging eyebrows, droopy upper lids, and bags under your eyes.
The eyelid skin stretches, muscles weaken and fat pockets become more prominent as they bulge. This may be a hereditary condition that runs in your family.
In younger patients, such conditions may detract from the overall attractiveness of your eyes and face and cause a tired or older appearance.
Besides making you look older, the severely sagging skin around your eyes can reduce your side vision (peripheral vision), especially the upper and outer parts of your field of vision.
Blepharoplasty is a type of surgery that repairs droopy eyelids and may involve removing excess skin, muscle, and fat.
Blepharoplasty can reduce or eliminate these vision problems and make your eyes appear younger and more alert.
Why people get Eyelid Surgery?
- To remove excess skin obscuring the natural fold of the upper eyelids.
- To get rid puffy appearance from the upper and lower eyelids, which results is making the eyes look tired.
- To remove excess skin and fine, crepe wrinkles of the lower eyelids.
- To treat droopiness of the lower eyelids, showing white below the iris (colored portion of the eye).
Preparation for surgery:
- Stop taking blood thinner medication or such which prevent blood from clotting normally. This includes pain relievers such as aspirin and ibuprofen. You’ll need to stop these medications one to two weeks beforehand, to reduce the possibility of excess bleeding during the procedure.
- Eat only a light meal such as soup the evening before your surgery.
- Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.
- On the morning of your procedure, you should take essential medications — such as for blood pressure — with a small sip of water.
- Do not wear makeup of any kind on the day of surgery.
- Make sure someone is available to transport you home and watch after you during the first several hours after you are released following surgery.
- At home, you should have the following items ready:
- Ice cubes
- Ice pack (or you can use freezer bags filled with ice, frozen corn, or peas)
- Small gauze pads
- Eye drops or artificial tears (ask your doctor to recommend the proper type to meet your particular needs)
- Clean washcloths and towels
- Over-the-counter painkillers (which your doctor can recommend)
- During surgery, incisions are made in the natural folds of the eyelid, in the crease of the upper eyelid and just beneath the lashes or behind the lower eyelid. This way, incisions are virtually unnoticeable after they have healed.
- First your surgeon,n will make precise markings to designate where excess skin and fat pads need to be removed. Some underlying muscle also may be removed are also marked.
- These tissues are then removed with surgical instruments such as scalpels, surgical scissors, radio-frequency cutting devices and sometimes cutting lasers. Sutures or tissue adhesives (glue) then are carefully applied to smooth and reconfigure areas around the eyebrows and eyelids.
- Dry eye patients frequently require that less tissue be removed to avoid exposing more of the eye to the air, which can cause symptoms to worsen.
Blepharoplasty can be of two types:
- Traditional blepharoplasty
- Laser blepharoplasty.
In current practice Lase blepharoplasty is mostly performed as this has several advantages over the Traditional one.
Advantages with LASER Blepharoplasty:
- As compared to the traditional blepharoplasty eyelift surgery, there is quite less swelling or doesn’t bleed.
- Much quicker recovery is possible in Laser Surgery.
- No visible scars below the lashes are noticed.
- There is no loss of eyelashes at all
- You will feel a little or no pain during the surgery
More Common than you think:
Laser Eyelid surgery is one of the most common cosmetic surgery procedures. It ranks in the top 5, along with liposuction, breast augmentation, and tummy tuck. In 2015 there were 169,708 eyelid surgeries performed in the US alone, Procedure:
- Anesthesia is given to the patient so patient feel comfortable during the surgery.
- A metal plate protects the eyeball and the laser is used to make a cut in the upper eyelid so excess fat and skin can be removed.
- The cut is then sealed with glue and stitched with fast dissolving sutures.
- To remove bag under lower eyelid, a small incision is made on the inner part of lower eyelid.
- In this surgery, there is no need of stitches and not even a single external scar is visible.
- This surgery can also be used to tighten the skin of the lower eyelid and to resurface the skin.
What are the risk factors associated with this surgery?
These risks include:
- Adverse reaction to anesthesia
- Hematoma (an accumulation of blood or fluid under the skin that may require removal)
- Infection and bleeding
- Changes in sensation
- Allergic reactions
- Damage to underlying structures
- Unsatisfactory results that may require additional procedures
Therefore selection of a good surgeon and following their instructions both before and after surgery plays a crucial role to minimize your risk of these complications.
How long does it take to return to normal routine?
- There would be minimal postoperative pain when you are treated with LASER Eyelid Surgery.
- You can use Tylenol so that it can minimize any discomfort. After the surgery, there may be some swelling after operation for some regular days.
- The stitches are removed after 8 to 10 days of surgery.
- Patients are also advised to apply a cold compress for the first 48 hours. This can help reduce puffiness and swelling of the eyelids.
- The regular activities can be resumed after 4 to 6 days of surgery.
- The scars are hidden in the natural crease of the upper eyelids.
- Some of the lower eyelid surgeries do not require any visible scars at all.
- After the recovery of the surgery, patients will have a youthful look to their faces.
Don’t Worry you won’t look strange:
You won’t end up looking fake after eyelid surgery. By choosing a highly skilled and qualified surgeon with experience in facial plastic surgery, you have little to be concerned about. You’re going to look natural and more refreshed, not have your eyes pulled so taut that it makes you look strange. Moreover, Eyelid surgery is a surgical procedure where incisions are made and skin removed. Therefore, you can expect some scarring. However, scars are minimal.
Is blepharoplasty an “eyelid lift?”
Blepharoplasty is also referred to as an “eyelid lift”. This term is actually incorrect. The eyelid is actually not surgically lifted during the procedure. However, the upper eyelid will open more by reducing the weight from the excess skin and fat. The procedure involves the removal of excess skin and fat. It can be performed on the upper eyelid, lower eyelid, or both. In both cases, incisions are made in the natural wrinkles or inner part of the lid to prevent the incisions from being visible.
Possible risks of eyelid surgery include:
- Infection and bleeding
- Dry, irritated eyes
- Difficulty closing your eyes or other eyelid problems
- Noticeable scarring
- Injury to eye muscles
- Skin discoloration
- The need for a follow-up surgery
- Temporarily blurred vision or, rarely, loss of eyesight
- Risks associated with surgery in general, including reaction to anesthesia and blood clots
Can one combine blepharoplasty with other procedures?
Often blepharoplasty is combined with other surgical or non-surgical cosmetic procedures.
In some cases, browlift surgery, rather than blepharoplasty, may best address your facial sagging. Browlift surgery smoothes out forehead creases and lifts the eyebrows back into proper position, which can reduce upper eyelid laxity, much like upper eyelid surgery.
Cost of Eyelid/Blepharoplasty surgery:
The cost of eyelid surgery or Blepharoplasty surgery will depend on numerous factors such as the methods, types of procedure, age, gender etc.
Above you have covered everything related to the eyelid surgery but at the end, everything comes down to the cost.
When you undergo eyelid surgery or any surgical procedure, it is important to understand the various fees involved.
There are three main fees involved in eyelid surgery.
- Surgeon’s Fee
- Anesthesia Fee
- Facility Fee
If you are from the US, the average surgeon’s fee for eyelid surgery is around $3,500 which is excluding facility or anesthesia fee.
Whereas developing countries such as India, Thailand treats the patient within the budget of $3000, in some cases it includes the facility and anesthesia fee as well. In India, the cost of Blepharoplasty or eyelid surgery can be under USD 2000 for a non-major surgery.
Before you approach any surgeon for eyelid surgery be sure that your surgeon’s price quote includes all of the applicable charges, not just the surgeon’s own fee so that you know how much you are expected to pay.
I hope it served your purpose.
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Have a great day!
Follow: Eyelid Surgery: Frequently Asked Question